These are pretty much in alphabetical order. If some are a little out of order, they'll still be first-letter alphabetized.
ACTH - A hormone produced by the pituitary gland. See corticotropin
anaplasia - loss of differentiation of cells and of their orientation to one another.
aphonia - loss of voice, inability to produce vocal sounds.
Arrhythmias - Any variation from the normal rhythm of the heart.
articulatory - Of or pertaining to a joint or joints.
biopsy - the removal and examination, usually microscopic, of tissue from the living body. Usually done to establish a more exact diagnosis.
Bradycardia - slowness of the heartbeat
BUN - blood urea nitrogen - see urea nitrogen
Cachexia - a profound and marked state of constitutional disorder; general ill health and malnutrition
centrifuge - a machine by which centrifugation is effected
centrifugation - the process of separating lighter portions of a solution, mixture, or suspension from the heavier portions by centrifugal force
cervix - The narrow lower end of the uterus, between the isthmus and the opening of the uterus into the vagina.
chondroprotective - the medications that protect the cartilage of the joint.
comminuted - broken or crushed into small pieces
Condylar - A rounded articulatory prominence at the end of a bone
corticotropin - A hormone secreted by the anterior pituitry gland, having a stimulating effect on the adrenal cortex.
creatinine - An anhydride of creatine, the end product of creatine metabolism, found in muscle and blood and excreted in urine.
C.S.F. - cerebrospinal fluid, tap - lumbar puncture
cystocentesis - the collection of urine using a fine needle to aspirate sterile urine from the bladder
cystoscopy - visual examination of the urinary tract with a cystoscope,(an endoscope for visual examination of the bladder)
cystotomy - incision of the bladder
dermatitis - inflammation of the skin
dermis - the true skin
electrolyte - A substance that dissociates into ions fused in solution, thus becoming capable of conducting electricity.
endemic - present in a community at all times
endoscope - an instrument for examining the interior of a hollow viscus, endoscopy visual examination by means of an endoscope.
endocrine - secreting internally, pertaining to internal secretions, hormonal.
endotracheal - examination of organs accessible to observation through an endoscope passed through the mouth
epithelial cells - the cellular covering of internal and external body surfaces, including the lining of vessels and small cavities.
femur - The thigh. longest strongest bone in the body
flea - a small, wingless, bloodsucking insect; many fleas are parasitic and may act as disease carriers.
Force Plate Analysis: - a way to measure the weight bearing ability of each leg as the animal walks on a tread mill. Each leg should bear weight evenly, a decrease in the force plate pressure means the pet isn't bearing full weight. It is used to measure improvements as well as to help detect subtle changes in gait. It is generally only used at the University level due to the expense of the equipment.
glucocorticoids - any of the group of corticosteroids predominantly ionvolved in carbohydrate metabolism, and also in fat and protein matabolism and many other activities; some also exhibit varying degrees of mineralocorticoid activity.
granuloma - a tumor-like mass or nodule of granulation tissue, with actively growing fibroblasts and capillary buds, consisting of a collection of modified macrophages resembling epithelial cells surrounded by a rim of mononuclear cells, chiefly lymphocytes, and sometimes a center of giant multinucleate cells; it is due to a chronic inflammatory process associated with infectious disease or invasion by a foreign body.
granulomatous - composed of granulomas
Applying Heat to a Pet: - Apply heat to the affected joint in a similar manner as you would your own. Heating pads should never be set above the lowest setting and should be covered with a towel to avoid burns. Care should be taken to prevent the pet from chewing the heating pad. Supervise the pet at all times while applying heat. 15 to 20 minutes a few times a day is generally helpful.
Hematoma - a localized collection of extravasated blood, usually clotted, in an organ, space or tissue
hyperactivity - excessive activity
hypersensitization - the process of rendering, or the condition of being abnormally sensitive.
hypothyroidism - deficiency of thyroid activity, marked by decreased metabolic rate, tiredness and lethargy
inflammation - a protective tissue response to injury or destruction of tissues.The classical signs are: pain, heat, redness and swelling.
intermittent - stopping and starting at intervals
intradermal - within the dermis
intramedullary - the marrow cavity of a bone
intramuscular (IM) - within the muscle
intravenous (IV) - within a vein
isthmus - a narrow connection between two larger bodies or parts, the narrower, thicker-walled portion of the uterine tube closest to the uterus, the constricted part of the uterus between the cervix and the body of the uterus.
KE Apparatus - an external fixator for a broken bone
ligate - to apply a ligature, any material, such as a thread or wire, used for tying a vessel or to constrict a part.
linea - in anatomy, a narrow ridge or streak on the surface of a structure, The tendinous median line on the anterior abdominal wall between the two rectus muscles or a rough longitudinal line on the back of the femur for muscle attachments.
mineralocorticoids - any of the group of corticosteroids, principally aldosterone, predominately involved in the regulation of electrolyte and water balance through their effect on ion transport in epithelial cells of the renal tubules.
mites - an arthropod of the order Acarina, except the ticks; they are minute animals, usually transparent or semitransparent, and may be parasitic on man and domestic animals, causing various skin irritations.
Nematode - larvae stage of the roundworm, a member of the class of helminths, many are parasites
oblique - slanting or inclined
ovary - either of the paired female sexual glands in which ova are formed.
palliative - symptomatic only
parasitic - one that lives on or within an organism other than it's usual host
parasite - a plant or animal that lives upon or within another living organism at whose expense it obtains some advantage.
pneumocystogram - A radiogram of the urinary bladder after injection of air or gas.
Radioactive isotope - one whose atoms undergo radioactive decay emitting alpha, beta, or gamma radiation.
Radioiodine - any radioactive isotope of iodine
Regimen - A strictly followed plan of diet, exercise and activity to achieve a desired effect.
renal - pertaining to the kidney
seborrhea - excessive secretion of sebum.
spirochete - a spiral bacterium, a relatively rigid spiral shaped bacterium
subcutaneous (SQ) - beneath the skin
tachycardia - abnormally rapid heart rate
telomeres - an extremity of a chromosome with specific properties. One of these properties prevents rejoining with any fragment of a broken chromosome. This is thought to affect the aging and eventual death of an individual. The telomeres become shorter as an animal ages.
tibia - Medial and larger of 2 bones of lower leg
tibial plateau - The top of the tibia
sebum - the oily secretion of the sebaceous glands, composed of fat and epithelial debris.
tumors - neoplasm, a new growth of tissue in which cell multiplication is uncontrolled and progressive. benign tumor lacking the properties of invasion and metastasis and showing a lesser degree of anaplasia than do malignant tumors. It is usually surrounded by a fibrous capsule.
Urea Nitrogen - the urea concentration of serum or plasma, conventionally specified in terms of nitrogen content and called blood urea nitrogen (BUN), an important indicator of renal function.
urticaria - transient appearance of slightly raised patches of skin which are redder or paler than the surrounding skin and often attended by severe itching.
uterus - the hollow muscular organ in female mannals in which the fertilized ovum normally becomes embedded and in which the developing embryo and fetus is nourished.
vagina - the canal in the female, from the vulva to the cervix uteri, that receives the penis in copulation
vulva - the external genital organs of the female
zoonotic - Any disease of animals that is transmissible to man
Tilley, LP, Smith, FWK, The 5 Minute Veterinary Consult, Canine and Feline. 1997, Williams & Wilkins.
Dorland's Pocket Medical Dictionary, Twenty-Third Edition, pub. W.B.Saunders Company, 1982.
The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, pub. American Heritage Publishing Co., Inc and Houghton Mifflin Co., 1975
Encyclopedia of Canine Veterinary Medical Information